In 1949 a coin hoard consisting of 41 silver pieces came to light in the civil town of Aquincum only a few meters from the museum building but lay unpublished for seven decades. The hoard ending in 260 primarily contains coins from the joint reign of Valerian I and Gallienus, a period surprisingly underrepresented in the coin material of Aquincum’s civil town. The find fits well into a considerable series of coin hoards deposited around this time, a tendency previously noticed by several scholars. These coins contain important information on the general uncertainties in Pannonia leading to significant changes in every aspect of life. Such was the abandonment of the civil town, which was part of a general trend seen in the whole of the province.